15 Interesting Facts In Life History Of Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj

15 Interesting Facts In Life History Of Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj every Indian should know these in order to fill his heart with patriotism.
Shivaji was born on February 19th in the year 1627 in Shivneri fort.This fort is located in Pune district of Maharashtra.Every year February 19th is celebrated as Chhatrapathi Shivaji Jayanthi or Chhatrapathi Shivaji birth anniversary.His father name is Shahaji Bhonsle and his mother name is Jijabai.


15 Interesting Facts In Life History Of Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj
Shivaji Maharaj


 15 Interesting Facts In Life History Of Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj


  1. Which is actual birth year of Chhatrapathi Shivaji 1627 or 1630.Most of the parts of the country take 1627 as the birth year of  Shivaji but Maharashtra government observes 1630 as the birth year of shivaji.How ever there is no controversy on the date of birth it is taken as February 19.
  2. Shivaji's brothers name is Shambaji,after shambaji all the kids who took birth were dead.So Jijabai prayed to the local goddess Shivai for a healthy child.In the honour of Shivai Jijabai bai gave the name Shivaji.Some say that Shivai is goddess parvathi not the local Deity.
  3. The first king who recognised the importance of Navy force is Shivaji.He established navy force and he built the forts on the coastal line to protect his kingdom from the attacks of British,Portuguese and other foreign countries.So Shivaji is called as the father of Indian Navy.
  4. Shivaji learnt respecting women from his mother..Once, when one of his Jagirdhaar defeated a muslim king and draged his wife to the fort,Shivaji warned him and compared the muslim kings wife with his mother.He gave her lot of gifts and sent her back to the muslim king.
  5.  Jijabai narrated many epic tales from Mahabharatha,Ramaayan and life history of Bhali Chakravarthy to young shivaji.These tales made Shivaji more patriotic and filled his heart with immense love towards his mother land.
  6. Shivaji fought his first war at the age of 17 years.In this war he defeated Beejapur sultan and captured Torna fort.After that he continuously waged wars and recaptured the forts and areas which his father lost to Adilsha king.
  7. Adilsha kidnapped Shivaji's father shahaji and sent an army to kill Shivaji's brother.Both Shivaji and his brother furiously attacked the Adilsha's army.They bought their father back by defeating the army.
  8. Shivaji had great idea about the geography of the country.He used to attack the enemy forces surprisingly in unexpected ways.Shivaji is very intelligent in wagging guerrilla war fare.He used to attack the enemy in small groups from different directions.This tactic gave him victory in number of attacks.It is this tactic made him to capture number of forts.
  9. Shivaji never damaged any religious constructions.He respected all the religions.He gave freedom to follow any religion in his country.Though he is a great devotee of Bhavani Devi.He never criticized other religions.He constructed number of temples and masjids.He gave placements to muslims in his army.In his kingdom number of muslims worked in higher ranks.
  10. Shivaji is master in the art of escaping.He escaped from the Agra when he was arrested by Aurangzeb.He and his 6 year old son escaped by hiding in a flower box.In this escape a muslim known as Madani helped him a lot.
  11. Adilsha sent an army leaded by Afzal Khan to defeat Shivaji.When this army started destroying the Bhavani Devi's temples.Shivaji sent a message for peace talks.A meeting was arranged near Pratapghad fort.Shivaji expected a combat in the meeting,so he wore a metal jacket and carried a tiger's claw under his jacket.As expected Azal Khan attacked Shivaji resulting in causing no damage to Shivaji.Shivaji then gave a surprising attack with his tiger claw and killed Afzal Khan.Later Shivaji's army attacked the Afzal Khan army which is secretly hidden in he dark forest.In this war Shivaji army came out with a great success.
  12. Beejapur sultan bought army from Arab,Persia and Afghan to fight against Shivaji.This army consists of 10000 skilled warriors.Shivaji with his 5000 warriors fought vigorously and  defeated the foreign army.
  13. In the year 1660 Aurangazeb sent an army with 1 lakh warriors under the leadership of Shaayistha Khan.Shivaji accepted the defeat and he left Pune in the part of his defeat.later in the year 1664 Shivaji attacked Surat town and robbed the town.For this act,Aurangazeb sent an army under the leadership of Raja jai Singh.Shivaji understood that he could not win the war.Then he accepted the defeat and gave away 23 forts and four lakhs rupees to Aurangazeb.
  14. Shivaji slowly increased his army to 1 lakh with lot of weapons.then from the year 1670 he started attacking the Mogul forces and started recapturing the lost forts.During the process of conquering the simhghar fort he lost his follower Thanaji.After the victory he commented that we gained the fort but we lost the lion.He compared Thanaji with a lion.
  15. He engaged all the 27 years in war fare and established a vast Maratha empire.He suffered with fever for continuously three weeks and atlast dead in the year 1680 on April 3rd.
Hope your hearts too filled with patriotism after going through this article 15 Interesting Facts In Life History Of Chhatrapathi Shivaji Maharaj


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